¿ES EL JENGIBRE UN TRATAMIENTO EFICAZ CONTRA LAS NÁUSEAS Y EL VÓMITO INDUCIDOS POR QUIMIOTERAPIA?

  • Ximena Palacios-Espinosa Universidad del Rosario
  • Ana María Gómez-Carvajal Universidad del Rosario
  • Juan Sebastián Botero Meneses Universidad del Rosario
  • Leonardo Palacios Sánchez Universidad del Rosario
Palabras clave: Jengibre, Náusea, Vómito, Efecto Placebo, Antineoplásicos

Resumen

Las náuseas y el vómito inducidos por la quimioterapia (CINV), constituyen un efecto colateral ampliamente estudiado por su alto impacto sobre la calidad de vida de los pacientes que reciben este tratamiento oncológico. Actualmente están disponibles protocolos para el manejo farmacológico de CINV y adicionalmente, muchos pacientes utilizan de forma empírica alternativas fitoterapéuticas para manejar estos síntomas, entre ellas, el jengibre. Objetivo: La presente revisión tuvo como objetivo responder a la pregunta: ¿Es el jengibre un tratamiento eficaz contra las náuseas y el vómito inducidos por quimioterapia para el cáncer? Método: Se revisaron 14 ensayos aleatorizados con doble ciego y placebo controlado, publicados entre 2012 y 2018, en las bases de datos EMBASE y PubMed. Conclusión: La evidencia clínica disponible es insuficiente para determinar la eficacia del jengibre en la reducción de CINV. Así pues, el uso de jengibre mejora las náuseas y los vómitos en varios pacientes, probablemente debido al efecto placebo.

Biografía del autor

Ximena Palacios-Espinosa, Universidad del Rosario
Psicóloga. Magíster en Psicología Clínica y de la Salud. Doctora en Psicología Social. Profesora titular Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, Colombia.
Ana María Gómez-Carvajal, Universidad del Rosario
Psicóloga. Magíster en Psicología. Profesora titular Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, Colombia.
Juan Sebastián Botero Meneses, Universidad del Rosario
MD. Profesor, Departamento de Neurociencias, Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, Colombia.
Leonardo Palacios Sánchez, Universidad del Rosario
Especialista en neurología. Profesor, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Rosario. Bogotá, Colombia.

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Publicado
2019-07-05
Sección
Artículos de Revisión