SARCOMAS: CAMBIOS EN LA HISTORIA

  • Anna Estival Instituto Catalán de Oncología, ICO, Badalona, Cataluña, España
Palabras clave: Sarcoma, historia, progreso, diagnóstico, tratamiento

Resumen

Los primeros datos sobre el sarcoma aparecieron en escritos del año 1500 a.C., aunque no fue hasta el descubrimiento del microscopio cuando se empezó a progresar en su estudio y clasificación. El pilar de su tratamiento ha sido y es la cirugía, que fue evolucionando desde una escisión simple a tratamientos radicales como la amputación o la resección amplia con márgenes, reduciendo así el riesgo de recurrencia. Paralelamente a la aceptación de la preservación de extremidad, como mejor tratamiento quirúrgico fue planteando la introducción del manejo multimodal, inicialmente con radioterapia. Tanto la cirugía como la radioterapia se han visto beneficiadas por los avances en las técnicas de imagen, que han aportado un mejor conocimiento de la anatomía. La quimioterapia se introdujo en el estadio localizado con la finalidad de tratar las posibles micrometástasis, y en el escenario metastásico. No obstante, los tratamientos sistémicos tienen un recorrido histórico más corto y su progresión ha sido menor. Profundizar en la biología molecular y las diferentes sensibilidades según subtipos histológicos, podrían aportar un nuevo abanico de opciones terapéuticas.

Biografía del autor/a

Anna Estival, Instituto Catalán de Oncología, ICO, Badalona, Cataluña, España
Departamento de Oncología Médica, Sección Sarcomas, Instituto Catalán de Oncología, ICO, Badalona, Cataluña, España

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Publicado
2021-02-12
Sección
Perspectiva del diagnóstico y Tratamiento del Cancer